Including W. Hoffmann and Zimmermann
Pianos made by: C. Bechstein Pianoforte AG, Berlin, Germany.
Factories: C. Bechstein Pianoforte Manufaktur GmbH, Seifhennersdorf, Germany (C. Bechstein); C. Bechstein Europe s.r.o. (former Bohemia Piano Ltd.), Hradec Králové, Czech Republic (W. Hoffmann); and Ningbo Hailun Musical Instruments Co. Ltd., Ningbo, Zhejiang Province, China (Zimmermann)
Bechstein was founded in 1853 by Carl Bechstein, a young German piano maker who, in the exploding world of piano technology of his day, had visions of building an instrument that the tradition-bound piano-making shops of Berlin were not interested in. Through fine workmanship and the endorsement of famous pianists, Bechstein soon became one of the leading piano makers in Europe, producing over 5,000 pianos annually by 1900. The two World Wars and the Depression virtually destroyed the company, but it was successfully rebuilt. In 1963 it was acquired by Baldwin, and in 1986 Baldwin sold it to Karl Schulze, a leading West German piano retailer and master piano technician, who undertook a complete technical and financial reorganization of the company. In the early 1990s, Bechstein acquired the names and factories of Euterpe, W. Hoffmann, and Zimmermann. Pianos with these names are currently being sold in Europe, but only W. Hoffmann and Zimmermann are sold in North America. In 2006 Bechstein purchased a controlling interest in the Czech piano maker Bohemia, and integrated it into a new entity called C. Bechstein Europe Ltd.
Bechstein says that all C. Bechstein-branded pianos are manufactured in Seifhennersdorf, Germany, and that W. Hoffmann pianos are made in the Czech Republic. With few exceptions, Bechstein prefers not to divulge where the components for its instruments are made, a policy that frustrates some industry observers who seek transparency. However, the company says that, whatever the origin, all parts are inspected and made to conform to its rigid standards; in my experience, all models, including the less expensive ones, continue to receive praise for their high quality.
Bechstein now manufactures its own hammers for use in all C. Bechstein and W. Hoffmann pianos. Other features of C. Bechstein-branded pianos include solid European spruce soundboards, beech or beech and mahogany for grand rims and some structural parts, and maple pinblocks. Three pedals are standard on all pianos, the grands with sostenuto and the verticals with practice pedal (sostenuto optional). Over the past decade, all C. Bechstein grands have been redesigned with a capo bar (eliminating the agraffes in the treble), higher tension scale, and front and rear duplex scales for better tonal projection and tonal color. Also, unlike older C. Bechsteins, which had an open pinblock design, in the redesigned grands the plate covers the pinblock area. For better tuning control, the higher-level pianos are without tuning-pin bushings.
C. Bechstein pianos are available in two levels of quality. The regular verticals and partially redesigned versions of the old grand models now comprise a lower-priced Academy (A) series. They were previously branded Bechstein (B), instead of C. Bechstein, a distinction that has been eliminated. The 51½” Concert 8 (one of my all-time favorite verticals), several smaller verticals, and the fully redesigned grands (models D, C, B, A, and L), comprise the higher-priced line. The company says that both lines are made in Germany, though for cost-effectiveness some parts and components may originate in the Czech Republic.
The differences between the Academy series and the regular C Bechsteins appear to be primarily in tonal philosophy and cabinetry. Regular C. Bechstein grands were designed with a higher tension scale for better projection, and with various components that the company believed would result in the greatest usable palette of tonal color: tapered soundboard, vertically laminated bridges, hornbeam hammer shanks, solid keybed, thicker rim, and hammers with walnut moldings and AAA felt. The grand soundboard is installed after the inner and outer rims are joined. The ribs are tapered after being glued to the soundboard, and the heavy-duty rim posts are dovetailed and embedded in the rim.
The less-expensive, traditional, Academy series grands have an untapered soundboard, solid beech bridge with beech cap, maple hammer shanks, expansion-type keybed, and hammers with mahogany moldings and AAA felt. The same quality wood and strings are used in both. The rim parts are joined, and the soundboard and ribs installed, in a more efficient, less time-consuming manner than with the regular, higher-priced models. The keys of the higher-priced line still use leather key bushings, whereas the A-series keys use the more conventional cloth bushings. Bone keytops are an option on the regular models, and genuine ebony sharps are used on both series.
The company uses its own Silver Line action in the Academy series and, in the regular series, its Gold Line action, which is made to slightly stricter tolerances. As part of its global strategy, the company uses multiple suppliers for nearly all parts; parts for the Gold Line action come from Renner in Germany, while Silver Line parts are sourced from several countries, including China. Both actions appear to be well made, and both are of the Renner design, with the smooth, responsive touch characteristic of that design.
The cabinetry of the regular C. Bechstein models is much sleeker and more sophisticated than the plain Academy series, though both cabinets are finished to the same standard. The regular plates receive the royal hand-rubbed finish; the other plates are just spray-finished in the conventional manner.
When the two lines are compared side by side, there are differences in their finished quality and performance level. Although the Academy series pianos are, generally speaking, very good instruments with a slightly warmer default tone quality, the higher-priced models clearly outperform this less expensive line, and are free of the small tonal inconsistencies and minor flaws we have observed in the Academy series. It’s possible that the comparative shortcomings of the Academy series instruments could be remedied by further technical work, but it’s apparent that they are not prepped at the factory to the same standard as the higher-priced pianos.
C. Bechstein grands are impeccably made in Germany and are “orchestrally” voiced, a concept that the company says is related to the change of timbre at different velocities of touch. According to Bechstein, customers who do not explore this feature of tonal design often prematurely assume that the piano is voiced too bright for the American musical taste. (However, several of my colleagues had high praise for the wide dynamic range, tonal color, and responsive action of the redesigned 7′ 8″ model C grand.) The company maintains that since voicing is a matter of overall piano design, their pianos are voiced at the factory to their tonal standard and should not be significantly altered. Some customers may still prefer the slightly warmer sound of the Academy series grands, which are also about half the price of the regular C. Bechstein models.
Bechstein engineers oversee production of the Bechstein-designed W. Hoffmann line of pianos in the company’s Czech facility. This is a mid-priced line intended to compete with other mid-priced pianos from Eastern Europe and Japan. Currently it consists of grands and verticals in three series. The Tradition- and Professional-series instruments are entirely made in the Czech Republic. The Professional series has a higher level of design and components, and more customized musical preparation by the company’s most experienced craftspeople. The Vision-series pianos are assembled in the Czech Republic, but their strung backs (the instruments’ structural and acoustical parts) are imported from Asia.
Bechstein also sells the Zimmermann brand, designed by Bechstein engineers to incorporate European quality standards, and manufactured at the Hailun factory, in Ningbo, China. Quality control and technical training are performed there by Bechstein technicians from the factory in Germany. The two vertical and three grand models are intended to offer reliable quality at very affordable prices.
Bechstein has a new silent-piano option, called Vario, that can be built into any of its instruments. This option allows you to mute the acoustic piano and turn on an extensively sampled sound of a C. Bechstein concert grand, which can be listened to through headphones for silent play. Optical key and pedal sensors transmit MIDI information for the control of music software. The Vario system adds about $6,600 to the price of a vertical piano, and about $11,500 to the price of a grand.
Warranty: 5 years, parts and labor, to original purchaser.
Acoustic Piano: Model & Pricing Guide
* See the Introduction for an explanation of pricing.
For Vario silent system, add $6,616 (SMP) (verticals) or $11,508 (SMP) (grands). Warning: Accuracy of SMP uncertain; see here.
|Bechstein, C. Verticals|
|Millenium 116K||46||Polished Ebony||30,900||30,305|
|Millenium 116K||46||Polished White||33,900||33,418|
|Classic 118||46.5||Polished Ebony||32,900||31,861|
|Classic 118||46.5||Polished White||34,900||34,712|
|Classic 118||46.5||Satin and Polished Walnut/Mahogany/Cherry||36,900||36,531|
|Contour 118||46.5||Polished Ebony||33,900||33,418|
|Contour 118||46.5||Polished White||36,900||36,531|
|Contour 118||46.5||Satin and Polished Walnut/Mahogany/Cherry||37,900||37,798|
|Classic 124||49||Polished Ebony||38,900||38,087|
|Classic 124||49||Polished White||42,900||41,200|
|Classic 124||49||Satin and Polished Walnut/Mahogany/Cherry||43,900||42,757|
|Elegance 124||49||Polished Ebony||39,900||39,644|
|Elegance 124||49||Polished White||43,900||42,757|
|Elegance 124||49||Satin and Polished Walnut/Mahogany/Cherry||44,900||44,313|
|Concert 8||51.5||Polished Ebony||70,900||67,457|
|Concert 8||51.5||Polished White||73,900||68,969|
|Concert 8||51.5||Polished Walnut/Mahogany||76,900||70,481|
|Concert 8||51.5||Polished Burl Walnut||79,900||73,505|
|Concert 8||51.5||Polished Cherry w/Inlays||82,900||82,089|
|Bechstein, C. Academy Series Verticals|
|A114 Modern||44||Polished Ebony||25,900||25,750|
|A114 Modern||44||Polished White||28,900||28,652|
|A114 Chrome Art||44||Polished Ebony||27,900||27,201|
|A114 Chrome Art||44||Polished White||29,900||29,628|
|A114 Compact||45.5||Polished Ebony||26,900||25,750|
|A114 Compact||45.5||Polished White||28,900||28,652|
|A116 Compact||45.5||Satin and Polished Walnut/Mahogany/Cherry||30,900||30,103|
|A124 Imposant||49||Polished Ebony||28,900||28,217|
|A124 Imposant||49||Polished White||31,900||31,119|
|A124 Style||49.5||Polished Ebony||29,900||29,668|
|A124 Style||49.5||Polished White||33,900||32,569|
|A124 Style||49.5||Satin and Polished Mahogany/Walnut/Cherry||34,900||34,020|
|Hoffmann, W. Vision Series Verticals|
|V112||44.5||Chippendale Polished Maogany||16,500||16,205|
|V112||44.5||Chippendale Polished Walnut||16,500||16,205|
|V120||47.6||Chippendale Polished Mahogany||17,900||17,656|
|V120||47.6||Chippendale Polished Walnut||17,900||17,656|
|V120||47.6||Rococo Satin White||19,900||18,381|
|V120||47.6||Rococo Satin White w/Gold Painting||19,900||18,381|
|Hoffmann, W. Tradition Series Verticals|
|Hoffmann, W. Professional Series Verticals|
|P114||45||Polished Ebony w/Chrome Hardware||17,900||17,495|
|P114||45||Polished White w/Chrome Hardware||19,900||19,672|
|P120||47.2||Polished Ebony w/Chrome Hardware||18,900||18,801|
|P120||47.2||Polished White w/Chrome Hardware||20,900||20,793|
|P126||49.6||Polished Ebony w/Chrome Hardware||20,500||20,397|
|S 2||47.6||Polished Ebony||8,590||8,440|
|S 6||49.6||Polished Ebony||9,590||9,166|
|Bechstein, C. Grands|
|L167||5||6||Satin and Polished Mahogany/Walnut/Cherry||143,900||125,961|
|A192||6||4||Satin and Polished Mahogany/Walnut/Cherry||166,900||145,618|
|Bechstein, C. Academy Series Grands|
|A160||5||3||Satin and Polished Mahogany/Walnut||75,900||73,330|
|A175||5||9||Satin and Polished Walnut/Mahogany||79,900||77,999|
|A190||6||3||Satin and Polished Mahogany/Walnut||83,900||82,669|
|A208||6||8||Satin and Polished Mahogany/Walnut||91,900||91,564|
|A228||7||5||Satin and Polished Mahogany/Walnut||103,900||103,617|
|Hoffmann, W. Vision Series Grands|
|Hoffmann, W. Tradition Series Grands|
|Hoffmann, W. Professional Series Grands|
|P162||5||4||Polished Ebony w/Chrome Hardware||52,900||50,916|
|P188||6||2||Polished Ebony w/Chrome Hardware||57,900||55,586|
|P206||6||9||Polished Ebony w/Chrome Hardware||64,900||61,812|
|Z 160||5||3||Polished Ebony||20,900||20,397|
|Z 175||5||9||Polished Ebony||22,900||22,848|
|Z 185||6||1||Polished Ebony||24,900||24,299|