Blüthner pianos have beech rims (grands), solid spruce soundboards, Delignit pinblocks, Renner actions, Abel hammers, and polyester finishes. Pianos for export have three pedals, including sostenuto on the grands, and celeste (practice) on the verticals. Blüthner builds about 100 verticals a year in four sizes, and 500 grands a year in six sizes.
In addition to numerous specialized furniture styles and finishes, Blüthner has two recently issued special editions. In honor of the company's 150th anniversary, Blüth-ner introduced a Jubilee model with a commemorative cast-iron plate in the style of the special-edition pianos of a century ago. It is available in several sizes, in any style or finish. A Julius Blüthner edition honoring the founder of the company, now operated by the fifth generation of his family, is available in most grand sizes, and features, among other embellishments, brass inlays in the lid, round Victorian legs, and a very fancy, elaborately carved music desk in the styling designed by the founder.
Blüthner pianos incorporate several unique technical features. With aliquot stringing, the notes in the highest treble section (about the top two octaves) have four strings each instead of three. The extra string is raised slightly above the others and vibrates only sympathetically. The effect, heard mainly in medium to forte playing, is similar to that of a duplex scale, adding tonal color to the treble and aiding the singing tone. Another feature concerns the angled hammers, which may at first look odd, though the reason may not be readily apparent. It turns out that the angled hammers are actually cut at an angle to match the string line and mounted straight on the shanks instead of being cut straight and mounted at an angle like other brands. The company says that the effect is to more evenly distribute the force of the blow across both the strings and the hammers, and to make a firmer connection with the backchecks, which are also positioned in a straight line. Visually, the effect is an even, rather than a staggered, hammer line.
In what is perhaps a world's first, Blüthner has designed and built a piano for left-handed pianists. This is a completely backward piano, with the treble keys, hammers, and strings on the left and the bass on the right. When it was introduced, a pianist gave a concert on it after only a couple of hours of practice! It is currently available in the 6' 10" and 9' 2" sizes by special order (price not available).
With voicing, Blüthner pianos have a very full sound that is warm, romantic, and lyrical, generally deeper and darker than some of their German counterparts. Sustain is good, but at a low level of volume, giving the tone a refined, delicate character. The action is a little light, but responsive. The pianos are built of superb materials, and are favorably priced compared to some of their competitors.
In the 1990s a Haessler line of pianos was added to the Blüthner line. (Haessler is a Blüthner family name.) Created to better compete in the American market, Haessler pianos have more conventional technical and cosmetic features than Blüthner pianos and cost about 25 percent less. For example, the grands are loop-strung instead of single-strung, there is no aliquot stringing, and the hammers are cut and mounted in the conventional way. Case and plate cosmetics are simpler. The pianos are made in the Blüthner factory in Germany to similarly high quality standards.
Warranty: Blüthner and Haessler—10 years, parts and labor, to original purchaser.
German American Trading, Inc.
P.O. Box 17789
Tampa, Florida 33682
Pianos made by: C. Bechstein Europe Ltd. (former Bohemia Piano Ltd.), Hradec Králové, Czech Republic
The factory that makes Bohemia pianos began production in 1871, and after World War II became part of the Czech state-owned enterprise that included the better-known Petrof. Privatized in 1993, the factory now makes 1,500 verticals and 400 grands per year. Originally it exported to the U.S. under the name Rieger-Kloss, a name now used only for Czech pipe organs. The name Bohemia is derived from the original term used by the ancient Romans for the part of Europe that is now the Czech Republic.
In 2006, C. Bechstein purchased a controlling interest in Bohemia Piano Ltd. and integrated it into a new entity called C. Bechstein Europe. Production was moved to a new state-of-the-art factory in Hradec Králové. However, Bohemia pianos continue to be sold through Bohemia's own dealer network, as before. Bechstein also makes the W. Hoffmann line of pianos there (see Bechstein, C.). All the components for Bohemia pianos are made in the Czech Republic or elsewhere in Europe. Model numbers with "BR" have Renner parts on Bohemia action frames; other models have Czech actions. The pianos have either Abel or Renner hammers. All pianos come with a leather-upholstered adjustable artist bench, and the grands have a slow-close fallboard. Bohemia pianos play very well, with a nice, bright, singing treble tone.
Bohemia makes three sizes of vertical piano from 48" to 52", and five sizes of grand from 5' 2" to 8' 11". Note that models 113, 121, 150, and 170 were discontinued in 2008; some have been replaced with newer models of similar size.
Warranty: 5 years, parts and labor, to original purchaser.
SPRING 2010 -- page 173
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